Capturing VOD

Downloading presentations

HTTP Smooth Streaming (HSS)

For Smooth Streaming presentation the input URL is the manifest file to the video. The output is fMP4.


unified_capture -o video.ismv \


All the fragments of all the different bitrates are downloaded, therefore the output file contains multiple audio and video tracks.

HTTP Live Streaming (HLS)

The input URL for HLS (HTTP Live Streaming) is a media playlist (.m3u8). For convenience the first media playlist is captured when the input is a master/variant playlist. The output is MPEG-TS.


unified_capture -o video.ts \

HTTP Dynamic Streaming (HDS)

The input URL is a HTTP Dynamic Streaming manifest file. The output is FLV.


unified_capture -o video.flv \


The URL is an MPEG-DASH manifest file. The output is fMP4.


unified_capture -o video.mp4 \


If the DASH manifest contains a Tiled Thumbnail track, as described in Using CMAF Tiled Thumbnails as a source, the Tiled Thumbnails will also be captured, and saved as a separate track in the fMP4 output.

Subclips (previews, chapters)

Unified Capture can create subclips from a larger VOD presentation. One use case is creating preview clips from longer presentations. Another use case is creating multiple chapters from a longer presentation.

Specifying the beginning and end time is in HH:MM:SS.sss format. For example, creating a 15 second preview clip from a presentation:


unified_capture -o video-preview.ismv \

When only a single value for the t parameter is given, this will be considered the start time of the capture and the end of the presentation will be the end time.

When creating multiple chapters from a longer presentation you should specify both the beginning and end (except for the last chapter, of which you only need to specify the begin time). Let's say we have a 10 minutes and 32 seconds presentation and want to create 3 chapters (4 minutes, 4 minutes, 2:32 minutes):


unified_capture -o chapter1.ismv \

unified_capture -o chapter2.ismv \

unified_capture -o chapter3.ismv \

Further processing

Once the output is fully captured, it can be processed further.

You can use the Unified Origin for playback in all formats, use specially purposed tools to verify the audio/video streams, or use Unified Packager to convert from fragmented MP4 to progressive MP4. Do note that progressive MP4's created from content that was captured using the --frame-accurate option will only play on advanced players.